Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement


Our publication ethics and publication malpractice statement is mainly based on the
Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors
(Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011).


Editors' responsibilities


Publication decisions


The editor is responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal
will be published. The editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race
, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political
philosophy. The decision will be based on the paper's importance, originality and
clarity, and the study's validity and its relevance to the journal's scope. Current
legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should also
be considered.




The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted
manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers,
other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.


Disclosure and conflicts of interest


Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editor
or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the
author's explicit written consent.


Reviewers' responsibilities


Contribution to editorial decisions


The peer-reviewing process assists the editor and the editorial board in making
editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper.




Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a
manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the
editor and withdraw from the review process.




Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents.
They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.


Standards of objectivity


Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate.
Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.


Acknowledgement of sources


Reviewers should identify cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper
has not been cited in the reference section. They should point out whether observations
or arguments derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source.
Reviewers will notify the editor of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript
under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.


Disclosure and conflict of interest


Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential
and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which
they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships
or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.


Authors' duties


Reporting standards


Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work

performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should

be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and

references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate

statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.


Data access and retention


Authors could be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper fo

editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable.

In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent

professionals for at least ten years after publication (preferably via an institutional or

subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality

of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not

preclude their release.


Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources


Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the

work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the

nature of the reported work should also be cited.


Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication


In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published

in more than one journal. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal

constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Manuscripts which have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot

be submitted. In addition, manuscripts under review by the journal should not be

resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the

author(s) retain the rights to the published material. In case of publication they permit

the use of their work under a CC-BY license [],

which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit the work as well as to adapt the work

and to make commercial use of it.


Authorship of the paper


Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the

conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have

made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors.

The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved

persons are included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that

all co-authors have approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its

submission for publication.


Disclosure and conflicts of interest


All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive

conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of

their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.


Fundamental errors in published works


When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work,

it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to

cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.